Originally developed in 1994 to replace the SA-19 “Tunguska” short-range air defense system, the SA-22 “Pantsyr” S-1 has been extensively upgraded since and is only now starting to enter service with the Russian military. Like the Tunguska, the Pantsyr is a dual missile/gun system, and it is capable of engaging everything from low-flying UAV’s and aircraft to cruise missiles. This system can be used in a variety of roles, such as protecting military outposts and defending longer range air defense systems such as the S-400 (since they cannot engage targets that are within extremely close proximity) in all weather conditions. The Pantsyr completed its final tests (including live-firing) in 2007.
The Pantsyr S-1 is equipped with two dual 2A38M 30 mm automatic cannons, as well as 700 rounds of ammo for these weapons, ranging from high explosive to armor-piercing. Each gun has a range of up to 4 km and a rate of fire of 2500 RPM (Rounds Per Minute). For the missile armament, the Pantsyr has a choice of either 57E6 or 57E6E short-range surface-to-air missiles, which can be installed in ready-to-fire launchers totaling a maximum of 12 (6 tubes on either side of the turret). The missiles do not have tracking seekers and instead reply on radio-guidance data, which can control up to 4 missiles at a time. The Pantsyr S-1 can fire its weapons while in motion.
The Pantsyr is equipped with a dual-band radar that has a tracking range exceeding 24 km. The weapon system can be fitted on a truck or a tracked chassis. There is also a naval weapons system called the Palma CIWS (Close In Weapons System), which uses the same missiles as the Pantsyr. The Pantsyr has been ordered by Algeria, Jordan, Syria, Iran, and the UAE. The Russian military currently operates 31 such systems, and there are plans to have a total of 300 systems by 2016 to replace the Tunguska’s.
Photos taken from here.